Overactive Bladder and 5 Treatment Options

Overactive Bladder and 5 Treatment Options

While we touched on treatment options, it is worth shedding more light on the various treatment options available to those who suffer from OAB. Find out more below.

A little while back, we explored overactive bladder (OAD), a condition that affects between 30-40% of men and women at some point in their lives.

Today, we discuss five treatment options, from lifestyle changes to types of surgery.

What is an overactive bladder?

To put it simply, OAB is the feeling that you need to go to the toilet urgently and frequently. Often people who experience these symptoms will also feel that OAB has an impact upon their stress levels and emotions. Without treatment, OAB symptoms can make it hard to get through the day without many trips to the bathroom leading to feelings of embarrassment, loneliness and isolation. You can learn more about the causes and symptoms here.

Treatments for overactive bladder

It is important to note that there are treatment options available to make life with OAB much more comfortable, and talking to health care professional is the first step you must take. The main treatments for overactive bladder include the following.

Lifestyle changes

There are a number of changes you can make to your lifestyle, which can function as the first step in treating overactive bladder. It is a good idea to try these simple changes before undergoing more invasive options such as medication or surgery. Lifestyle changes can include the following.

  • Limit drinks and food that irritate your bladder.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Delay going to the bathroom when possible. This trains your bladder to be able to wait longer between trips to the toilet.
  • Practice Kegel exercises or pelvic floor exercises which will build up the bladder muscles.

Vaginal pessary

As the name suggests, a vaginal pessary is only an option for women. It is a small, removable device that is inserted into the vagina to reduce OAB symptoms caused by bladder prolapse. There are many different shapes and sizes; a doctor can go over the differences to find the pessary that best fits each patient’s lifestyle. If fitted correctly, the woman will not feel when the pessary is in place, much like a tampon.

overactive bladder

Nerve stimulation treatment

Stimulating the bladder nerves through neuromodulation therapy delivers electrical pulses to the nerves, which change how they work. This treatment option targets the sacral nerve located at the bottom of the spine that regulates and controls the pelvic floor and bladder muscles.

Bladder Botox

OAB can be treated successfully through injections of Botox into the bladder muscle. When injected into the bladder, frequent muscle contractions can be reduced dramatically. It is important to note, however, that this treatment is temporary and needs to be repeated two or three times a year.


Surgery to treat OAB is only for those who have tried other alternative treatments without seeing any significant improvements. If surgery is needed, the goal is to reduce the pressure on the bladder and improve the bladder’s ability to store urine.

Book an appointment with Urology Specialist

Urologists can be the key to solving issues such as an overactive bladder. Therefore, it is essential to become well-informed and educated regarding available options and treatment methods.

It is important to talk to a trusted professional when it comes to your health. If you have any questions about OAB or would like to book an appointment, please feel free to contact or call Dr Arianayagam’s office on 1300 307 990 and his staff will be able to assist.

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