Early detection of testicular cancer

Early detection of testicular cancer

While testicular cancer is a rare disease, affecting only about 1% of the male population, if undetected it can have devastating consequences.

But, what is testicular cancer, and what can you do to ensure you are aware of symptoms as quickly as possible? Read our guide to find out.

What is testicular cancer?

Cancer that develops in a testicle is called testicular cancer. Usually, only one testicle is affected, but in some cases, both are affected. About 90–95% of testicular cancers start in the cells that develop into sperm. Sometimes testicular cancer can spread to lymph nodes in the abdomen, or to other parts of the body. It is important to note that men aged between 15 and 35 are most at risk of testicular cancer and as such, should be aware of its symptoms, so it can be detected and treated early.

Risk Factors 

There are a number of risk factors which may increase the chance of developing testicular cancer. They may include:

  • Being aged between 15-35
  • Family history 
  • Previous history of testicular cancer 
  • Undescended testicles 
  • Infertility 
  • Congenital defects


There are a number of symptoms of testicular cancer which all men should be aware of. They include:

  • A lump or enlargement in either testicle
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • A dull ache in the abdomen or groin
  • A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
  • Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
  • Back pain

Performing a self-exam

If you are aged between 15 and 35, it is a good idea to undergo regular self-examinations. In doing so, you may be able to detect symptoms of testicular cancer early, which will increase the chance of successful treatment. The process for detecting testicular cancer is fast and painless, but it should be regular so that you can notice any changes to your body. Self-exams are best performed in a warm shower, where one can comfortably feel for variations such as hard lumps or nodules. If any inconsistencies are detected, see your urologist right away. Also, be sure to see your doctor if you detect any pain in the area and especially if these signs and symptoms last longer than two weeks.

It is important to talk to a trusted professional when it comes to your health. If you have any questions about testicular cancer or would like to book an appointment, please feel free to contact or call Dr Arianayagam’s office on 1300 307 990 and his staff will be able to assist.

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